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Our products and services differ based on state. Please select your state (or the state you're interested in) from the list to the left.
Why do our products and services differ based on state? Because our business is regulated by state. We have regulated operations in eight Western and Midwestern states. The different regulatory body for each state we serve determines what products and services we deliver in that state.
Location: Ashland, Wis., on Lake Superior
Plant Description: Bay Front is a three-unit generating station that has become a model for the creative use of fuels, including renewable resources. Three boilers burn a variety of fuels to produce steam that drives three turbine-generators to produce electricity.
Power Production Capability (in-service dates): 76 megawatts (MW): Unit 4 – 23 MW (1948); Unit 5 – 23 MW (1950); Unit 6 – 30 MW (1956).
Fuel Sources: Coal, waste wood, railroad ties, discarded tires, natural gas and petroleum coke.
Community Involvement: Bay Front employs 35 people full time. Many employees volunteer in local community organizations and some serve on town boards.
Bay Front got its start in 1916, when Ashland Light & Power and the Street Railway Company established the plant using small second-hand boilers and generators. When the two founding companies consolidated into Lake Superior District Power (LSDP) in May 1922, a second unit was added. A third came on line in 1925, and by 1960 the plant was equipped with five boilers and six turbine generators. Bay Front was acquired in 1983 by Northern States Power Company-Wisconsin as a result of a merger with LSDP.
Bay Front’s boilers and turbine-generators are cross-connected so one boiler can power any unit.
Because of its northern location, Bay Front runs not only to generate megawatts, but also to support the stability of Xcel Energy’s transmission system.
In 1999, the plant was equipped with auxiliary gas burners to improve operating efficiency while firing on wood.
Since 1979, Bay Front has burned almost 4 million tons of waste wood and railroad ties, as well as other alternate fuels such as used tires.
During a major plant improvement project completed in 1991, Bay Front was equipped with an upgraded air quality control system, which includes two gravel bed filters. The gravel bed filters are designed to remove more than 98 percent of particulate matter. The system contains more than 300 tons of gravel bits, which are electrically charged to collect particulate from flue gas.